Challenging sport provides a healthy, largely safe, physical outlet for aggression. There is very little evidence to show that people who take part in dangerous sports become violent as a result. In fact it is more likely that apart from the many friendships created in playing, sport acts as a safety valve for a society by reducing stress. Moreover, sport teaches and requires discipline, training, and respect for the rules – valuable lessons in any society.
Mass media also contribute to the acceptability of sports. Leonard (p. 166) maintains that the media occupies a paradoxical position. On the one hand it affords ample exposure to sports-related violence via television, magazines, newspapers, and radio, thus providing numerous examples to children who may imitate such behavior. It glamorizes players, often the most controversial and aggressive ones. Its commentary is laced with descriptions suggestive of combat, linking excitement to violent action. On the other hand, the exposure given to sports violence by the media has stimulated increased efforts to control and prevent such behavior.
Essays aggression and violence in sports | Windy Cove …
Sports violence can be defined as behavior which causes harm, happens outside of the rules of the sport, and is unconnected with the competitive objectives of the sport (Terry and Jackson 27). There are two forms of aggression in sports: instrumental and reactive. Violence is the outcome of reactive aggression that has a fundamental emotional component, with harm as its goal.
Research showing that women are often aggressors in domestic violence has been causing controversy for almost 40 years, ever since the 1975 by sociologists Murray Straus and Richard Gelles of the Family Research Laboratory at the University of New Hampshire found that women were just as likely as men to report hitting a spouse and men were just as likely as women to report getting hit. The researchers initially assumed that, at least in cases of mutual violence, the women were defending themselves or retaliating. But when subsequent surveys asked who struck first, it turned out that women were as likely as men to initiate violence—a finding confirmed by of intimate violence. In a 2010 in the journal Partner Abuse, Straus concludes that women’s motives for domestic violence are often similar to men’s, ranging from anger to coercive control. Bench clearing brawls in baseball, bloody hockey fights, soccer mobs, post-gamesports riots, and increasing injuries are all images of today’s sports that are familiar to us. In recent years players and fans alike have shown increased aggression when it comes tosporting events. One of the most disturbing trends in sports is the increasing frequencyand severity of violence. Injuries and deaths among participants are on the rise, as areinjuries and deaths among fans and spectators. Violence in sports is an important issuebecause sports themselves are an important aspect in our lives and the society we live in. Their importance, however, should not be greater than our concern about preserving thevalues and aspects of our society. The problem of sports violence has become a worldwide phenomenon, that is anunacceptable, growing social problem. Sports violence can be defined as behavior by aplayer, coach, or fan that is intended to inflict pain or cause injury (Berger 8). Sportsviolence causes harm, breaks the rules of the game, and is unrelated to the competitiveobjectives of the sport. Leonard identifies two forms of aggression in sports: Instrumental aggression,which is non-emotional and task-oriented and reactive aggression, which has an underlyingemotional component, with harm as its goal(165). Violence is the outcome of reactiveaggression. There are three major theories of aggression in sports: The biological theory,psychological theory, and the social learning theory(Leonard 170-171). The biologicaltheory sees aggression as a basic, innate human characteristic, in which sports is seen as asocially acceptable way to discharge built-up aggression(170). The psychological theorystates that aggression is caused by frustration and is situational(170). In sports, frustrationcan be caused by questionable calls by officials, failure to make a certain play, injuries,heckling from spectators, or taunts by coaches and players. The social learning theorymaintains that aggressive behavior is learned through modeling and reinforced by rewardsand punishments(171). Each of these theories could play a role in the increasing violencein sports. Athletes may be seeing sports as an outlet to vent there frustration and anger. Young athletes often take sports heroes as role models and imitate their behavior, whichmay lead to children imitating such aggressive behavior in their own sporting activities. Many continue to argue that sports have always been violent and that... ...With the increase in society taking a stand against violence, pro sports have become an area where some feel that the violent acts such as the hitting and fighting that occurs should be eliminated. Most people in our society, however, believe that you cannot change something that has been around for so long because it would change the aspect of the game to something completely different. The reasons that the violence is occurring in sports are due to six theories according to John Schneider. "The violence in sport mirrors the violence found in society, violence as the result of economic incentives, the influence of crowd behavior on player violence, genetic causation for player aggression, learning theory and player aggression, and psychological stress and player violence" (Lapchick 230). The theories of sport mirroring society, violence as a result of economic incentive, and the influence of the crowd behavior are the theories that I feel are responsible for the increasing violence in sports. In events such as hockey games, where people are expected to hit and make body contact, sooner or later a fight will break out and the fans will yell and scream for their favorite player involved. If people around us are applauding us for a certain act we have done, we will try to do it over so that we will continue to be praised.